Lee Smolin's work has been at the forefront in explaining cosmological
design as created by Darwinian processes.
Lee's research interests includes quantum gravity, which is the
unification of Einstein's general theory of relativity with quantum
theory. He is a leading researcher with the Loop Quantum Gravity approach
to solving this primary problem in theoretical Physics. He also works on
the foundations of quantum mechanics, cosmology, elementary particle
physics, astrophysics and theoretical biology.
Born in New York City, Lee was educated at Hampshire College and
Harvard University. He was formerly a professor at Yale, Syracuse and
Penn State Universities and held postdoctoral positions at the Institute
for Advanced Study, Princeton, the Institute for Theoretical Physics,
Santa Barbara and the Enrico Fermi Institute, the University of Chicago.
He has been a visiting professor at Imperial College London and has held
various visiting positions at Oxford and Cambridge Universities and the
Universities of Rome and Trento, and SISSA, in Italy.
In 1992 he first introduced his
theory of cosmological natural selection with the paper
Did the universe evolve?
The Life of the Cosmos was the first to propose a
Darwinian mechanism to explain design found in cosmology.
Scientific Alternatives to the Anthropic Principal more fully
develops his theory of Cosmological Natural Selection.
His 2012 paper
A perspective on
the landscape problem provides further theoretical support
for cosmological natural selection as well as a compelling
argument for the evolution of physical law via a Darwinian